Support for English language learners is provided at their proficiency level while also helping them meet the standards in all content areas. This includes implementation of various strategies to ensure high level comprehension and participation.
Standards based lessons should be modified to fit each learner in a way that is respectfully scaffolded to their needs, while appropriately challenging them as well. A wide range of modifications should be applied to fit each individual student as well as the task and lesson objective.
Students must have access to the same curriculum their English only peers have, and are able to engage in content areas through all strands of literacy (listening, speaking, reading, writing), promoting access through a variety of language interactions. Students also have access to the learning goals, as lesson objectives are clearly outlined and shared with students. The purpose of the tasks is evident.
Material is culturally relevant to students while valuing and building from their prior knowledge and backgrounds. Real world applications are apparent to the student in order to demonstrate the importance and direct connection between the lesson objective and the greater world, and students are reflective in their learning- frequently evaluating their own progress.
The execution of the lessons and tasks is rooted in support, modifications, access and relevance. All pieces come together in order to successfully reach the objective(s). Modeling is crucial, as the teaching demonstrates the use of the language in its many forms, as well as the ongoing learning process that children and adults share as lifelong learners.